Japan is a fascinating nation of financial may, wealthy culture and technical wizardry. Japan was the world’s second biggest economy for far more than 40 years from 1968 to 2010. Tokyo is the world’s biggest metropolitan location, with a population of 32.five million men and women. Regardless of obtaining an location close to the size of California, Japan is the world’s tenth biggest nation by population, with 127.three million men and women.
Japan’s Economy, Enterprise and Improvement
Japan is the world’s third biggest economy, obtaining ceded the second spot to China in 2010. Considering the fact that the collapse of the home bubble, Japan has endured a extended period of financial stagnation, deflation and somewhat higher unemployment, compared with the country’s historically low levels. Amongst other difficulties, Japan’s economy continues to be hampered by weak domestic demand and a rigid labor market place.
Regardless of Japan’s difficult domestic financial atmosphere, lots of Japanese businesses have continued to execute nicely on the planet stage. Toyota became the world’s biggest vehicle corporation in 2009, ahead of losing a bit of ground to unprecedented item recalls. Nintendo’s revolutionary Wii marked a virtual revolution in the huge, worldwide market place for gaming and household entertainment items.
Japanese businesses have continued to push the technologies envelope in fields such as robotics, health-related devices, clean power, satellite communications and spacecraft, water processing and other higher-tech industries.
Japanese Society, Language and Culture
Japanese society is strikingly homogeneous. Ethnic Japanese account for 98.five % of the country’s sizable population. When unique regions of Japan, specifically the central Kansai area encompassing Osaka, Kyoto and Kobe, are identified for obtaining distinctive, colorful neighborhood dialects, the complete nation primarily speaks the identical language.
Standard Japanese society and culture anxiety the values of harmony, consensus choice-creating and social conformity. “The nail that sticks out gets hammered down” is a typical Japanese saying and guideline of social behavior.
Japan’s Aging, Shrinking Population
Japan’s population has been aging and shrinking at an alarming price due to the mixture of a disproportionately huge elderly population, 1 of the lowest fertility prices of any created, OECD nation and minimal net immigration. Japan’s fertility price of roughly 1.two kids born for just about every Japanese lady is nicely beneath the replacement level of two.1 kids per lady that is necessary to retain the current population level. By 2050, the population of Japan has been forecast to contract by far more than 25 % to about 95 million men and women.
International Relations and Foreign Policy
Japan has deliberately elected to take a largely passive stance toward involvement in international conflicts and disputes for most of its post-WWII history. Write-up 9 of The Constitution of Japan, adopted on November three, 1946, renounces going to war or “the use of force as a suggests of settling international disputes.” In lieu of a standard military, Japan established the Japan Self-Defense Forces (also identified as the SDF, JSDF or Jietai) as an extension of the Japanese police force and a strictly defensive mechanism to supply for the country’s national safety and help with national emergencies.
Japan 1st deployed the SDF abroad in 1991 when it dispatched minesweepers to the Persian Gulf immediately after fighting ceased in the 1991 Gulf War. Considering the fact that Japan enacted the International Peace Cooperation Law in 1992, the Japanese government has deployed the SDF on particular overseas missions to help the U.N.’s international peacekeeping operations.
Japan largely relies on the U.S. for protection against external threats. Beneath the 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Safety in between Japan and the U.S., the U.S. has agreed to defend Japan if the nation or any of its territories come beneath attack. Roughly 40,000 U.S. military personnel and civilians in defense roles are stationed or employed on U.S. military bases situated across Japan.
The majority of U.S. military personnel in Japan are stationed on the principal island of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan’s Ryukyu Islands, exactly where U.S. military bases occupy about 18 % of the territory. Japan pays roughly $two billion as annual host-nation help to cover the fees and defense solutions of the U.S. military presence in Japan.